Fibroids in the Womb: Causes, Treatments, and Complications

Taking care of our bodies should be everyone’s utmost priority. In women, as 14.4 percent of the female population have poor health in 2020, it’s about time we ensure better health by practicing a healthier lifestyle and subjecting ourselves to annual health checks. One of the most common health issues in women is fibroids.

The non-cancerous growths develop in or around the womb, possibly affecting a woman’s pregnancy—causing infertility or pregnancy loss. It may also put patients at risk of other pregnancy complications such as placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, and preterm delivery. But there are more things to learn about fibroids, and here are some of them.

What Causes Fibroid Growth?

It’s not easy to pinpoint the cause of fibroid growth. In some cases, it can be caused by hormonal imbalance, increasing the risk of fibroids. Women who use hormone replacement therapies, birth control pills, or intrauterine devices (IUDs) are also at high risk. Likewise, women exposed to higher amounts of estrogen or who have a history of fibroid disease are at a higher risk of developing fibroids.

In medical terms, a fibroid is a tissue growth or mass of cells classified as benign tumors. It’s smooth, soft, and non-compressed and does not invade nearby organs or tissues. Most women who have fibroids are asymptomatic and don’t notice any changes in their bodies. They usually do not require treatment unless they cause severe symptoms.

Where Do Fibroids Grow?

A fibroid grows in or around the uterus, causing it to become enlarged and painful. Although fibroids can develop in any part of the uterus, they usually grow in the uterine wall, the uterine cavity, the cervix, the fallopian tubes, or the tissue surrounding the uterus.

If fibroids grow outside the uterus, they can cause pain, abdominal swelling, and abnormal vaginal bleeding. But if they grow on the inside of the uterus, they can cause abnormal bleeding, pressure on the bladder, bowel, rectum, and infertility.

The Best Treatments For Fibroids

Depending on the type and location of a woman’s fibroids, the best treatment for fibroids will vary. Usually, doctors recommend the following measures:

Laparoscopic surgery removes fibroids through a few small incisions. It is the primary treatment for fibroids, especially if they’re causing severe symptoms. Another is hysterectomy, which removes the uterus and fibroids to prevent pain and other serious fibroid complications. Lastly, hormonal therapy uses medication to remove fibroids or reduce their growth.

Complications of Developing Fibroids

Fibroid growth is a common issue for thousands of women. It can cause various complications if left untreated. Here are some of the possible complications that can arise from fibroid growth:

1. Pelvic Pain

Severe pelvic pain is also a possible result of fibroid growth. However, some women experience no symptoms at all. Otherwise, women who feel the signs of fibroid growth should visit their doctors immediately to assess the development, location, and number of fibroids before the risks and complications escalate.

2. Pregnancy Issues

While fibroids don’t usually affect a woman’s lifespan, fibroids can cause more severe complications. In contrast, they can also cause pregnancy complications such as miscarriage and premature childbirth. In some cases, fibroids can even lead to excessive bleeding during or after birth, making women more prone to postpartum depression.


Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that develop in or around the uterus. Generally, they’re not a severe problem, but they can cause pain, bleeding, and other significant complications if left untreated. It’s essential to consult your doctor immediately if you feel swollen or have different symptoms of fibroid growth. With early detection and treatment, you can prevent severe complications from fibroids.

Garden State Medical Group offers general doctor services such as checkups. Our goal is to be there for patients needing immediate response, diagnosis, and treatment for joint and straightforward diseases and conditions. Our family care welcomes people needing help more than first aid can provide. Book an appointment or call through our hotline found on our website today.

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